UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI EXTENSION
 

Snapshot of Missouri's Dairy Industry

As of December 2016, the state of Missouri had 1,073 permitted dairy operations. Of these permitted dairy operations, there were 780 Grade A dairies and 293 manufacturing grade dairies.


The graphs below reflect the latest cow numbers and milk production per cow estimates in Missouri and surrounding states.


Milk Cow Population (2007-2016)
State 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Missouri 112,000 110,000 107,000 99,000 95,000 94,000 92,000 89,000 88,000 88,000
Kansas 109,000 117,000 118,000 119,000 123,000 126,000 134,000 141,000 143,000 146,000
Iowa 213,000 216,000 215,000 210,000 204,000 205,000 208,000 207,000 211,000 213,000
Arkansas 17,000 15,000 13,000 12,000 12,000 10,000 9,000 7,000 7,000 6,000
Illinois 103,000 102,000 102,000 100,000 98,000 100,000 96,000 94,000 94,000 94,000
Kentucky 90,000 90,000 84,000 78,000 76,000 74,000 71,000 63,000 61,000 58,000
Tennessee 63,000 55,000 56,000 52,000 50,000 50,000 48,000 46,000 45,000 42,000
Source: USDA, NASS: Milk Production
Milk Production Per Cow (2007-2016)
State 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
U.S. 20,267 20,396 20,573 21,148 21,336 21,697 21,822 22,258 22,396 22,774
Missouri 14,982 14,682 14,654 14,596 14,611 14,936 14,663 15,539 15,511 15,602
Kansas 19,734 20,641 21,085 20,975 21,016 21,675 21,683 22,064 22,210 22,801
Iowa 20,085 19,995 20,367 20,724 21,309 21,730 22,144 22,444 22,929 23,634
Arkansas 12,941 13,000 12,692 12,750 11,833 13,300 11,667 13,714 13,000 13,167
Illinois 18,612 18,569 18,873 19,170 19,357 19,510 19,371 19,681 20,149 20,245
Kentucky 13,889 13,444 14,190 14,769 14,342 15,135 15,070 15,905 17,656 18,069
Tennessee 15,857 16,068 16,232 16,346 16,200 16,100 15,979 16,304 16,489 16,571
Source: USDA, NASS: Milk Production